Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects millions of people worldwide. This disease is defined by blood glucose levels that are too high. Although the condition can be largely controlled with the right diet and health interventions, there are a series of side effects that can lead to further complications. Here are three of the most debilitating diabetes dangers that you may have not known about:
Diabetes Can Damage Your Eyesight
It is not uncommon for diabetes sufferers to develop eye disease. This is caused by damage to the retinal blood vessels as a result of high blood glucose levels. Because the effects can be advanced before the problem is noticed, it is important for people with diabetes to get their eyes checked regularly. If caught early enough, serious damage and blindness can be prevented. Symptoms include blurry vision, unstable vision, poor color detection, light flashes, dark areas, or an increase of spots and floaters.
Poor Oral Health
The negative side effects of diabetes even stretch into your mouth. People who have been diagnosed with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing periodontitis. This inflammation of the gums can lead to tooth decay and other complications. If you are not able to control your blood glucose levels, mouth infections and other dental issues can develop. People with diabetes need to be extra careful about practicing good oral hygiene so that they do not put themselves at risk of tooth loss.
Pregnancy ComplicationsWomen who are or may become pregnant and have diabetes need to be extra cautious. High blood glucose levels can affect both the mother and the baby, putting both at risk for various complications during delivery and after. High blood glucose levels can cause the baby to grow too much while in the womb. Babies exposed to high glucose while in the womb are also more at risk for developing type 2 diabetes later on in life. Women with diabetes must be vigilant about monitoring their blood glucose levels during the entirety of their pregnancy. Remaining in contact with the obstetrician will also help to ensure that neither the baby or mother are put in danger.
It is clear that the repercussions of too much sugar can be severe. Limiting your intake of sugar will decrease the chances of potentially developing diabetes while also improving your overall health.